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Heads of Government

Jüri Ratas

Jüri Ratas, Prime Minister

  • Assumed Office: 23 November 2016
  • Left Office: NA
  • Political Party: Centre Party
  • Predecessor: Taavi Rõivas
  • Successor: NA
  • Born: 2 July 1978
  • Birth Place: Tallinn, Estonia
  • Died: NA
  • Alma Mater: Tallinn University of Technology
  • Spouse(s): Karin Ratas
  • Children: 4
  • Previous Positions: Mayor of Tallinn (15 November 2005 – 5 April 2007); Second deputy speaker of the Riigikogu (2015)
Taavi Rõivas

Taavi Rõivas, Prime Minister

  • Assumed Office: 26 March 2014
  • Left Office: 23 November 2016
  • Political Party: Reform Party
  • Predecessor: Andrus Ansip
  • Successor: Jüri Ratas
  • Born: 26 September 1979
  • Birth Place: Tallinn, Estonia
  • Alma Mater: University of Tartu
  • Spouse(s): Luisa Värk
  • Children: 2 including Miina Rihanna
  • Previous Positions: Advisor to Minister of Justice Mart Rask (1999 to 2002); Mayor of Haabersti district of Tallinn (2004–2005); Advisor to the Minister of Population Affairs Paul-Eerik Rummo (2003 to 2004); Advisor to the Prime Minister and Reform Party Leader Andrus Ansip (2005); Minister of Social Affairs (11 December 2012 – 26 March 2014); Member of Riigikogu (2007, 2011)
Andrus Ansip

Andrus Ansip, Prime Minister

  • Assumed Office: 12 April 2005
  • Left Office: 26 March 2014
  • Political Party: Reform Party
  • Predecessor: Juhan Parts
  • Successor: Taavi Rõivas
  • Born: 1 October 1956
  • Birth Place: Tartu, Estonia
  • Alma Mater: University of Tartu; Estonian University of Life Sciences
  • Spouse(s): Anu Ansip
  • Children: 3
  • Previous Positions: Mayor of Tartu (10 September 1998 – 23 September 2004); Minister of Economic Affairs and Communications (23 September 2004 – 12 April 2005)
Juhan Parts

Juhan Parts, Prime Minister

  • Assumed Office: 10 April 2003
  • Left Office: 12 April 2005
  • Political Party: Res Publica Party (2001–2006); Pro Patria and Res Publica Union (2006–present)
  • Predecessor: Siim Kallas
  • Successor: Andrus Ansip
  • Born: 27 August 1966
  • Birth Place: Tallinn, Estonia
  • Alma Mater: University of Tartu
  • Spouse(s): Daisy Tauk (2002–present)
  • Children: 4
  • Previous Positions: Auditor General (1998–2002)
Siim Kallas

Siim Kallas, Prime Minister

  • Assumed Office: 28 January 2002
  • Left Office: 10 April 2003
  • Political Party: Communist Party (Before 1991); Reform Party (1994–present)
  • Predecessor: Mart Laar
  • Successor: Juhan Parts
  • Born: 2 October 1948
  • Birth Place: Tallinn, Estonia
  • Alma Mater: University of Tartu
  • Spouse(s): Kristi Kallas
  • Children: 2;including Kaja Kallas
  • Previous Positions: Minister of Foreign Affairs (9 November 1995 – 21 November 1996); Chairman of the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe (1996); Minister of Finance (1999–2002); Member of the Supreme Council of the Soviet Union (1989–1991); Member of the Parliament of the Republic of Estonia (1995–2004)
Mart Laar

Mart Laar, Prime Minister

  • Assumed Office: 25 March 1999
  • Left Office: 28 January 2002
  • Political Party: Pro Patria
  • Predecessor: Mart Siimann
  • Successor: Siim Kallas
  • Born: 22 April 1960
  • Birth Place: Viljandi, Estonia
  • Alma Mater: University of Tartu
Mart Siimann

Mart Siimann, Prime Minister

  • Assumed Office: 17 March 1997
  • Left Office: 25 March 1999
  • Political Party: Estonian Coalition Party
  • Predecessor: Tiit Vähi
  • Successor: Mart Laar
  • Born: 21 September 1946
  • Birth Place: Kilingi-Nõmme, Estonia
  • Alma Mater: University of Tartu
  • Previous Positions: Member of the Estonian Parliament from 1995 to 1997
Tiit Vähi

Tiit Vähi, Prime Minister

  • Assumed Office: 17 April 1995
  • Left Office: 17 March 1997
  • Political Party: Estonian Coalition Party
  • Predecessor: Andres Tarand
  • Successor: Mart Siimann
  • Born: 10 January 1947
  • Alma Mater: Tallinn Technical University
  • Previous Positions: Minister for Transport and Communications(1989)
Andres Tarand

Andres Tarand, Prime Minister

  • Assumed Office: 8 November 1994
  • Left Office: 17 April 1995
  • Political Party: Social Democratic Party
  • Predecessor: Mart Laar
  • Successor: Tiit Vähi
  • Born: 11 January 1940
  • Birth Place: Tallinn, Estonia
  • Alma Mater: University of Tartu 
  • Spouse(s): Mari Tarand
  • Children: Indrek and Kaarel
  • Previous Positions: Minister of the Environment (1992–1994)
Mart Laar

Mart Laar, Prime Minister

  • Assumed Office: 21 October 1992
  • Left Office: 8 November 1994
  • Political Party: Pro Patria
  • Predecessor: Tiit Vähi
  • Successor: Andres Tarand
  • Born: 22 April 1960
  • Birth Place: Viljandi, Estonia
  • Alma Mater: University of Tartu
Tiit Vähi

Tiit Vähi, Prime Minister

  • Assumed Office: 29 January 1992
  • Left Office: 21 October 1992
  • Political Party: Estonian Coalition Party
  • Predecessor: Edgar Savisaar
  • Successor: Mart Laar
  • Born: 10 January 1947
  • Birth Place: Kaagjarve parish, Estonia
  • Alma Mater: Tallinn Technical University
  • Previous Positions: Minister for Transport and Communications (1989-January 1992); Government's special representative to north-eastern Estonia (1991)
Edgar Savisaar

Edgar Savisaar, Prime Minister

  • Assumed Office: 3 April 1990
  • Left Office: 29 January 1992
  • Political Party: Communist Party (1983–1988); Popular Front (1988–1991); Centre Party (1991–present)
  • Predecessor: Otto Tief
  • Successor: Tiit Vähi
  • Born: 31 May 1950
  • Birth Place: Harku, Estonia
  • Alma Mater: University of Tartu
  • Spouse(s): Kaire Savisaar;
    Liis Remmel;
    Vilja Laanaru (m. 1996, 2009)
  • Children: 4: Erki; Maria; Edgar; Rosina
  • Previous Positions: Vice-Chairman of the Council of Ministers of Estonian SSR and the Head of the State Plan Committee (1989); Minister of Economic Affairs (1990); Chairman of the Council of Ministers (3 April 1990-20 August 1991)
Otto Tief

Otto Tief, Prime Minister

  • Assumed Office: 18 September 1944
  • Left Office: 25 September 1944
  • Predecessor: Jüri Uluots
  • Successor: Edgar Savisaar
  • Born: 14 August 1889
  • Birth Place: Uusküla, Governorate of Estonia, Russian Empire,North America
  • Died: 5 March 1976
  • Alma Mater: Tartu University 
  • Previous Positions: Member of Riigikogu (1926); Minister of Social Affairs (1926–1927); Minister of Justice (1928); Member of Riigikogu (1932)
Jüri Uluots

Jüri Uluots, Prime Minister

  • Assumed Office: 12 October 1939
  • Left Office: 21 June 1940
  • Political Party: Fatherland Union
  • Predecessor: Kaarel Eenpalu
  • Successor: Otto Tief
  • Born: 13 January 1890
  • Birth Place: Kirbla Parish, Governorate of Estonia, Russian Empire,North America
  • Died: 9 January 1945
  • Alma Mater: St. Petersburg University
  • Previous Positions: Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Provisional Government of Estonia (24 February 1918 – 12 November 1918); Minister of Internal Affairs (1918) and Minister of War (1918–1919); Member of Riigikogu, the Estonian parliament (1920–1926, 1929–1932); Speaker of the Riigivolikogu (lower chamber) (4 April 1938 – 12 October 1939)
Kaarel Eenpalu

Kaarel Eenpalu, Prime Minister

  • Assumed Office: 24 April 1938
  • Left Office: 12 October 1939
  • Political Party: Fatherland Union
  • Predecessor: Konstantin Päts
  • Successor: Jüri Uluots
  • Born: 28 May 1888
  • Birth Place: Paju talu, Vesneri Parish
  • Died: 1942
  • Alma Mater: Tartu University 
  • Spouse(s): Linda Eenpalu
  • Children: Helmi-Aino; Virve; Tiiu-Hilja; Mai-Linda
  • Previous Positions: Speaker of the Riigikogu (1933–1934); State Elder of Estonia (1932); Speaker of the Riigikogu (1926–1932); Auditor General of Estonia (1919–1920)
Konstantin Päts

Konstantin Päts, Prime Minister

  • Assumed Office: 24 January 1934
  • Left Office: 3 September 1937
  • Political Party: Country People's Union (1917–1920); Farmers' Assemblies (1920–1932); Union of Settlers and Smallholders (1932–1935)
  • Predecessor: Ants Piip
  • Successor: Kaarel Eenpalu
  • Born: 23 February 1874
  • Birth Place: Tahkuranna Parish, Governorate of Livonia, Russian Empire,North America
  • Died: 18 January 1956
  • Alma Mater: University of Tartu
  • Spouse(s): Wilhelmine ("Helma");
    Ida Emilie Päts
  • Children: Leo; Viktor
  • Previous Positions: Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Provisional Government of Estonia (24 February 1918 – 12 November 1918); Prime Minister of the Provisional Government of Estonia (12 November 1918 – 8 May 1919); State Elder of Estonia (25 January 1921 – 21 November 1922; 2 August 1923 – 26 March 1924; 12 February 1931 – 19 February 1932; 1 November 1932 – 18 May 1933; 21 October 1933 – 24 January 1934)
Jaan Tõnisson

Jaan Tõnisson, State Elder

  • Assumed Office: 18 May 1933
  • Left Office: 21 October 1933
  • Political Party: Progressive People's Party (1905–1917); Democratic Party (1917–1919); Estonian People's Party (1919–1932); National Centre Party (1932–1935); later none
  • Predecessor: Konstantin Päts
  • Successor: Konstantin Päts
  • Born: 22 December 1868
  • Birth Place: Viiratsi Parish, Governorate of Livonia, Russian Empire
  • Died: presumably 1941 (age 72)
  • Alma Mater:
    University of Tartu
Ernesto Perez Balladares

Ernesto Perez Balladares, President

  • Assumed Office: 1 September 1994
  • Left Office: 1 September 1999
  • Political Party: Democratic Revolutionary Party (PRD)
  • Born: 29 June 1946
  • Birth Place: Panama City, Panama
  • Alma Mater: University of Notre Dame; the Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania
  • Spouse(s): Dora Boyd de Perez Balladares

Otto Strandman, State Elder

  • Assumed Office: 9 July 1929
  • Left Office: 12 February 1931
  • Political Party: Radical Socialist Party (1917); Estonian Labour Party (1917–1932); National Centre Party (1932–1935); later none
  • Predecessor: August Rei
  • Successor: Konstantin Päts
  • Born: 30 November 1875
  • Birth Place: Vandu, Governorate of Estonia, Russian Empire
  • Died: 5 February 1941 (age 65)
  • Alma Mater: Tartu UniversitySaint Petersburg University
  • Spouse(s): Lydia Strandman (née Hindrikson)

August Rei, State Elder

  • Assumed Office: 4 December 1928
  • Left Office: 9 July 1929
  • Political Party: Social Democratic Workers' Party; Socialist Workers' Party
  • Predecessor: Jaan Tõnisson
  • Successor: Otto Strandman
  • Born: 22 March 1886
  • Birth Place: Kurla, Pilistvere Parish, Kreis Fellin, Governorate of Livonia, Russian Empire
  • Died: 29 March 1963 (age 77)
  • Alma Mater: Saint Petersburg State University
Jaan Tõnisson

Jaan Tõnisson, State Elder

  • Assumed Office: 9 December 1927
  • Left Office: 4 December 1928
  • Political Party: Progressive People's Party (1905–1917); Democratic Party (1917–1919); Estonian People's Party (1919–1932); National Centre Party (1932–1935); later none
  • Predecessor: Jaan Teemant
  • Successor: August Rei
  • Born: 22 December 1868
  • Birth Place: Viiratsi Parish, Governorate of Livonia, Russian Empire
  • Died: presumably 1941 (age 72)
  • Alma Mater:
    University of Tartu

Jaan Teemant, State Elder

  • Assumed Office: 15 December 1925
  • Left Office: 9 December 1927
  • Political Party: Country People's Union (1917–1920); Farmers' Assemblies (1920–1932); United Farmers' Party (1932–1935)
  • Predecessor: Jüri Jaakson
  • Successor: Jaan Tõnisson
  • Born: 12 September 1872
  • Birth Place: Illuste (now Paatsalu), Vigala Parish, Livonia, Russian Empire
  • Died: July 1941
Jüri Jaakson

Jüri Jaakson, State Elder

  • Assumed Office: 16 December 1924
  • Left Office: 15 December 1925
  • Political Party: Estonian People's Party
  • Predecessor: Friedrich Karl Akel
  • Successor: Jaan Teemant
  • Born: 4 January 1870
  • Birth Place: Karula, Kreis Fellin, Livonia, Russian Empire
  • Died: 20 April 1942 (age 72)
Friedrich Akel

Friedrich Akel, State Elder

  • Assumed Office: 26 March 1924
  • Left Office: 16 December 1924
  • Political Party: Christian People's Party - KRE
  • Predecessor: Konstantin Päts
  • Successor: Jüri Jaakson
  • Born: 5 September 1871
  • Birth Place: Kaubi Manor, Kaubi Parish (now in Pornuse), Viljandi County
  • Died: 3 July 1941 (age 69)
Konstantin Päts

Konstantin Päts, State Elder

  • Assumed Office: 2 August 1923
  • Left Office: 26 March 1924
  • Political Party: Country People's Union (1917–1920); Farmers' Assemblies (1920–1932); Union of Settlers and Smallholders (1932–1935)
  • Predecessor: Juhan Kukk
  • Successor: Friedrich Karl Akel
  • Born: 23 February 1874
  • Birth Place: Tahkuranna Parish, Governorate of Livonia, Russian Empire
  • Died: 18 January 1956 (age 81)
  • Alma Mater: University of Tartu
  • Spouse(s): Wilhelmine ("Helma") Ida Emilie Päts
  • Children: Leo; Viktor

Juhan Kukk, State Elder

  • Assumed Office: 21 October 1922
  • Left Office: 2 August 1923
  • Political Party: Eesti Tööerakond - ETE
  • Predecessor: Konstantin Päts
  • Successor: Konstantin Päts
  • Born: 13 April 1885
  • Birth Place: Käru, Governorate of Estonia, Russian Empire
  • Died: 4 December 1942 (age 57)
Konstantin Päts

Konstantin Päts, State Elder

  • Assumed Office: 25 January 1921
  • Left Office: 21 November 1922
  • Political Party: Country People's Union (1917–1920); Farmers' Assemblies (1920–1932); Union of Settlers and Smallholders (1932–1935)
  • Predecessor: Ants Piip
  • Successor: Juhan Kukk
  • Born: 23 February 1874
  • Birth Place: Tahkuranna Parish, Governorate of Livonia, Russian Empire
  • Died: 18 January 1956 (age 81)
  • Alma Mater: University of Tartu
  • Spouse(s): Wilhelmine ("Helma") Ida Emilie Päts
  • Children: Leo; Viktor
Ants Piip

Ants Piip, State Elder

  • Assumed Office: 20 December 1920
  • Left Office: 25 January 1921
  • Political Party: Estonian Labour Party; later none
  • Predecessor: Himself as Prime Minister
  • Successor: Konstantin Päts
  • Born: 28 February 1884
  • Birth Place: Tuhalaane, Kreis Fellin, Governorate of Livonia, Russian Empire
  • Died: 1 October 1942 (age 58)
Ants Piip

Ants Piip, Prime Minister

  • Assumed Office: 26 October 1920
  • Left Office: 20 December 1920
  • Political Party: Estonian Labour Party
  • Predecessor: Jaan Tõnisson
  • Successor: Konstantin Päts
  • Born: 28 February 1884
  • Birth Place: Tuhalaane, Kreis Fellin, Governorate of Livonia, Russian Empire,North America
  • Died: 1 October 1942
  • Alma Mater: Saint Petersburg University;Berlin University;Tartu University
  • Previous Positions: Member of the Estonian Foreign Mission (1917–1919); Deputy to the Minister of Foreign Affairs (1919); Member of the Estonian delegation in the Tartu peace negotiations (1919–1920)
Jaan Tõnisson

Jaan Tõnisson, Prime Minister

  • Assumed Office: 30 July 1920
  • Left Office: 26 October 1920
  • Political Party: Progressive People's Party (1905–1917); Democratic Party (1917–1919); Estonian People's Party (1919–1932); National Centre Party (1932–1935)
  • Predecessor: Ado Birk
  • Successor: Ants Piip
  • Born: 22 December 1868
  • Birth Place: Viiratsi Parish, Governorate of Livonia, Russian Empire,North America
  • Died: presumably 1941
  • Alma Mater: University of Tartu
  • Previous Positions: Minister (12 November 1918 – 26 November 1918); Minister plenipotentiary abroad of the Estonian Provisional Government (27 November 1918 – 9 May 1919)
Ado Birk

Ado Birk, Prime Minister

  • Assumed Office: 28 July 1920
  • Left Office: 30 July 1920
  • Political Party: People's Party; National Centre Party
  • Predecessor: Jaan Tõnisson
  • Successor: Jaan Tõnisson
  • Born: 14 November 1883
  • Birth Place: Mõnnaste, Tarvastu Parish, Governorate of Livonia, Russian Empire,North America
  • Died: 2 February 1942
  • Alma Mater: Saint Petersburg Theological Academy; University of Tartu; Saint Petersburg State University; University of Leipzig
  • Previous Positions: Representative of Estonia in Helsinki, Finland (1918); Chairman of Estonian Province Assembly (1918–1919); Chairman of General Committee of Elections to the Constituent Assembly (1918–1919); Vice chairman of Constituent Assembly (1919–1920); Minister of Foreign Affairs (1920)
Jaan Tõnisson

Jaan Tõnisson, Prime Minister

  • Assumed Office: 18 November 1919
  • Left Office: 28 July 1920
  • Political Party: Progressive People's Party (1905–1917); Democratic Party (1917–1919); Estonian People's Party (1919–1932); National Centre Party (1932–1935)
  • Predecessor: Otto August Strandman
  • Successor: Ado Birk
  • Born: 22 December 1868
  • Birth Place: Viiratsi Parish, Governorate of Livonia, Russian Empire,North America
  • Died: presumably 1941
  • Alma Mater: University of Tartu
  • Previous Positions: Minister (12 November 1918 – 26 November 1918); Minister plenipotentiary abroad of the Estonian Provisional Government (27 November 1918 – 9 May 1919)

Otto Strandman, Prime Minister

  • Assumed Office: 9 May 1919
  • Left Office: 18 November 1919
  • Political Party: Radical Socialist Party (1917); Estonian Labour Party (1917–1932); National Centre Party (1932–1935)
  • Predecessor: Konstantin Päts
  • Successor: Jaan Tõnisson
  • Born: 30 November 1875
  • Birth Place: Vandu, Governorate of Estonia, Russian Empire North America
  • Died: 5 February 1941
  • Alma Mater: Tartu University; Saint Petersburg University
  • Spouse(s): Lydia Strandman (née Hindrikson)
  • Children: Hella; Hans (died); Lydia
  • Previous Positions: Minister of Justice (1918); Minister of Foreign Affairs (1918); Speaker of both the Estonian Provincial Assembly (1917–1918); Minister of Agriculture (1918–1919)
Konstantin Päts

Konstantin Päts, Prime Minister

  • Assumed Office: 12 November 1918
  • Left Office: 9 May 1919
  • Political Party: Country People's Union (1917–1920); Farmers' Assemblies (1920–1932); Union of Settlers and Smallholders (1932–1935)
  • Predecessor: himself
  • Successor: Otto August Strandmann
  • Born: 23 February 1874
  • Birth Place: Tahkuranna Parish, Governorate of Livonia, Russian Empire,North America
  • Died: 18 January 1956
  • Alma Mater: University of Tartu
  • Spouse(s): Wilhelmine ("Helma");
    Ida Emilie Päts
  • Children: Leo; Viktor
  • Previous Positions: Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Provisional Government of Estonia (24 February 1918 – 12 November 1918); Minister of Internal Affairs (1918); Minister of War (1918–1919)